A credit card belonging to a business or used exclusively for business (such as a personal credit card of a sole trader/proprietor) can be set up in two basic ways in Manager. The options are:
The two approaches are financially equivalent, so both are equally correct. This choice is a matter of personal preference.
Regardless of which option will be used, the credit card account must be created first under the Bank and Cash Accounts tab. A credit card account is considered a bank account because it can be used as a medium of exchange and is maintained by a financial institution rather than the business.
Enable the Bank and Cash Accounts tab and create the credit card account as described here. You may wish to add custom fields to your bank accounts to record things like account numbers and financial institutions. You can also assign account code numbers to match them to an overall numbering scheme for your chart of accounts.
The credit card will now be displayed in your Bank Accounts tab along with other bank accounts. Because most transactions will post to this account from New Payment transactions, the account’s balance will usually be negative. Only refunds or payments to the credit card issuer will move its balance in a positive direction.
Brilliant Industries has one ordinary bank account and one credit card. No transactions are pending in either account. But Brilliant has not paid the credit card issuer the statement balance yet this month. Both accounts are summarized in the Bank and Cash Accounts tab:
If a credit card has a balance owed on your start date, enter the balance as a negative number in the
Starting balances field. See this Guide for more information about starting balances for bank accounts.
To set up the credit card as a contra asset account, leave the control account field at the default option of Cash at bank when you create it. If you have not yet created any custom control accounts for bank accounts, this option will not appear when defining the credit card:
On your Balance Sheet, the balance of the credit card account will reduce the balance of the control account, Cash at bank.
The advantage of the contra asset option is your Summary page and Balance Sheet show at a glance how much cash you have to spend that is not already obligated. The disadvantage is credit card balances are not so visible.
To set up the credit card as a liability account, you must first create a custom control account for bank accounts in your chart of accounts. Give it a name like Current liabilities if you want it to include other short-term obligations. Or just name it Credit cards.
Brilliant Industries creates a custom control account named Current liabilities:
Go back to the Bank and Cash Accounts tab and Edit your credit card account by assigning it to the custom control account just created.
Brilliant reassigns its credit card to the new custom control account:
Now, the balance of your credit card account will show under Liabilities on your Balance Sheet.
Brilliant’s balance sheet reflects the balance of the credit card under Liabilities:
While the credit card balance will still show in the Bank and Cash Accounts tab as negative, it will appear as a positive number under Liabilities on the Summary page, because Liabilities are automatically subtracted from Assets on that display.
The advantage of the liability option is credit card balances show on your Summary page and Balance Sheet as amounts owed. This may be more useful if you do not always pay off the full credit card statement balance. This option clearly separates what you have (assets) from what you owe (liabilities). The disadvantage is a quick glance at the Summary may suggest you have more unobligated cash in the bank than you really do.