Purchase fixed assets

Fixed assets are tangible property owned by a business, such as buildings, machinery, furniture, vehicles, and equipment. To be considered a fixed asset, property must:

  • Have a useful life longer than one major accounting period (usually one year)
  • Cost more than the capitalization threshold (set either by company policy or local law)
  • Be held for productive use rather than immediate sale (inventory is not included among fixed assets)

The acquisition cost of a fixed asset is recovered over its economic life through depreciation, rather than as an expense during a single accounting period.

Enable the Fixed Assets tab

Before you can enter any transaction related to a fixed asset, the fixed asset itself must be created in Manager. If the Fixed Assets tab has not already been enabled, click Customizebelow the left navigation pane. Check the box for Fixed Assets and click Update below the list:

When the tab is enabled, four accounts are automatically activated in your chart of accounts:

  • Fixed assets, an asset account recording the acquisition cost of all fixed assets
  • Fixed assets, accumulated depreciaiton, a contra asset account summing depreciation to date of all fixed assets
  • Fixed assets - depreciation, recording current depreciation expenses
  • Fixed assets - loss on disposal, an expense account recording loss (gain) on disposal of fixed assets

These accounts cannot be disabled while the Fixed Assets tab is enabled, but they can be renamed under Settings Chart of Accounts.

Create a fixed asset

Return to the left navigation pane, click Fixed Assets, then New Fixed Asset:

Complete the entry:

  • Item code is an optional alphabetic or numeric designation for the fixed asset.
  • Item name is the name that will appear for the fixed asset in reports and lists.
  • Depreciation rate is the annual percentage depreciation rate for the asset. This rate will be used by the Depreciation Calculation Worksheet in the Reports tab.
  • Description accepts detailed information about the fixed asset.
  • The Control account field appears only when a custom control account made up of fixed assets exists. Otherwise, the asset is assigned to the Fixed assets control account by default.

Click Create.

Example
Brilliant Industries is adding a packaging machine in its factory. The machine has an expected life of 10 years and will be depreciated using a straight-line method, so a fixed asset is created:



The fixed asset will show under the Fixed Assets tab with no book value:

Note
To this point, you have not recorded the purchase of the fixed asset. You have only set it up in Manager. Now you can record financial transactions related to the fixed asset.

Purchase a fixed asset

Purchase of the fixed asset can be recorded under following tabs:

  • Receipts & Payments, if purchased without credit from the supplier
  • Purchase Invoices, if purchased from a supplier on credit
  • Expense Claims, if paid by you or someone else on behalf of the business
  • Journal Entries, if purchase was financed by a loan

When recording the purchase of a fixed asset under any of these tabs, post the amount spent to the Fixed assets account (or the custom control account you created for the purpose) and the subaccount for the fixed asset you have purchased.

If you purchase the fixed asset using a loan, you should also create a liability account in your chart of accounts with a name something like Loan before you record the purchase transaction. Then record the journal entry as a debit to the Fixed assets or other control account for the purchase cost and a credit to the Loan account of the same amount. Loan repayments must be posted to the Loan account. They have nothing to do with purchase cost, depreciation, or book value of the fixed asset.

Example
Brilliant Industries purchases its packaging machine on credit from the manufacturer, entering the 10,500 cost with a journal entry. The purchase cost now shows in the Fixed Assets tab register:

The purchase cost of the fixed asset will be combined with any other fixed assets’ costs and displayed under the Assets category on the Summary page:

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